Odjfs Forms

Odjfs FormsThousands of Ohioans are out of work and could use a financial bailout and scammers are looking to prey on those people in need. Jim Irwin received a 1099 tax form last week saying he claimed Job and Family Services (ODJFS) has begun mailing out the 1099 tax forms. Search for the desired form, publication, etc. Learn about Ohio unemployment benefits from the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. To sign a 534b form right from your iPhone or iPad, just follow these brief guidelines:. ODJFS issues record amount of 1099 tax forms. The new Prevention, Retention and Contingency (PRC) Emergency Rental Assistance Program has the flexibility to cover up to 100% of delinquent rent costs to get your family caught up with your landlord. gov to grant the Ohio Department of. We believe that given a choice, people prefer self-sufficiency. If you are a new employer and need to set up your account, you will need to start by registering your account. If you're a claimant, provide accurate and timely information regarding your work and earnings, job searches, and other eligibility requirements. A temporary password has been sent to the e-mail address associated with your user account. Employee FAQs Expanded Eligibility FAQs. This is just a separator between the navigation and the help and search icons. Child Care Forms The most recent version of all ODJFS Forms referenced in Chapters 12 through 18, can be accessed through Forms Central. Ohio has two ways to apply for cash, food and medical assistance: You can fill out a "Request for Cash, Food and Medical Assistance" (JFS 7200) form and submit it to your county agency. Remember, you could be our only way of knowing about a claimant or employer potentially committing fraud. Welcome to Pandemic Unemployment Application Appeals. Basic eligibility requirements include being . Welcome to the Ohio Child Licensing and Quality System! This web-based portal gives Ohio’s Early Care and Education programs access to the Ohio Child Licensing and Quality System (OCLQS). Discard the paper towel in the trash can. If you have questions, please contact the Office of Legislation. Professional Development Plan, Sample Form JFS 01587. For questions about K-12 school institution rules relative to communicable diseases and required immunization schedule, please contact the ODH School Nurseat 614 466-1930. 1-800-686-1555 or click: Report Fraud. As part of your interaction with HCJFS, you may be asked to complete a state form. Payments for the first quarter of 2020 will be due April 30. In addition to completing the ODJFS reporting form, ODJFS strongly urges anyone who suspects they may be a victim of identity theft to take appropriate action . Authority for this requirement is provided in Title III of the Social Security Act and the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 [26 U. If this is a transaction you would like to utilize please make sure to enroll with the payer. Optional Your Name: Your Phone Number: Your E-mail Address: We appreciate your help. A preschool operated by an entity that is not listed above should contact the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (1-877-302-2347) for program licensing information. Eligibility requirements can be found at http://www. Child Care Benefits Application(s) Visit the ODJFS Website (search for form number 01138): Not Available: MCDJFS Employment Verification. Applying for Food, Cash and Medical Assistance. Completing and signing an Acknowledgment of Paternity Affidavit (JFS 07038): If both parties agree they are the biological parents of the child, the "Acknowledgment of Paternity Affidavit” can be completed. Information with Questions & Answers. Employment Verification Request JFS Worker: Phone:. jfs employment verification form create electronic signatures for signing a odjfs forms in PDF format. The OCLQS portal supports the two most recent versions of Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox and Safari. The steps for generating these depend on the type of document. If you are having problems logging in, select the "Forgot. *Please note: If you are interested in. This web page is a secure document. Approved documentation includes: ODJFS in-service forms (JFS 01307-"In Service Training for Child Care Employees, Child Care Centers and Type A Homes" or form JFS 01924 "Provider Training Form" signed by JFS county staff) This form meets Ohio Administrative Code. Please access the JFS 07501 on the Internet at: English: http://www. To search for a state form, use the Ohio . Lorain County Job & Family Services. ODJFS eManuals > Families and Children > Family, Children and Adult Services Manual > Forms. If you need to file an appeal, please visit PUAA. Information regarding where the . ODJFS Issuing 1099-G Tax Forms to Unemployment Claimants COLUMBUS, OHIO – Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) Director Matt Damschroder today announced the annual process of issuing 1099-G tax forms to individuals who received unemployment benefits the previous year has begun. Ohio Unemployment Insurance. While there are other ways to contact the Bureau of State Hearings to request a state hearing, the. Welcome to the Ohio Child Licensing and Quality System! This web-based portal gives Ohio's Early Care and Education programs access to the Ohio Child Licensing and Quality System (OCLQS). Ohio: Unemployment Insurance Benefits. fill out a "Request for Cash, Food and Medical Assistance" (JFS 7200) form and submit it to your county agency. Additional wage reporting forms may also be obtained by writing to or contacting the following central ODJFS office: Ohio Department of Job and Family . Their review found that a Russian server houses . Cash, SNAP, PRC, and Medical Assistance Forms · Miscellaneous Agency Forms · Miscellaneous Ohio JFS Forms · Child Support Enforcement Agency Forms · Child Care . Child Care Rules and Forms. It licenses agencies to provide foster care, adoption and/or residential services for children, to make sure they are fit to provide care and fit to authorize others to provide care. Application Forms · Emergency Assistance · Food Assistance · Child Care · Medical Assistance · Cash Assistance · Find Work · Other. Suspect Fraud? Report it by calling toll-free. Our state specific forms & documents are all prepared by attorneys with your Satisfaction Guaranteed!. Child swimming in water 18 inches or more in depth. Any information you see or enter is encrypted for privacy during transmission and will not be easily read by a third party. The SHARE Portal gives you more control of your appeal information through an easy-to-use online platform. 10/2 021) Page 1 of 4 Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. JFS Applications and Forms. Best results are achieved using the most. Federal 1099-G tax forms for unemployment benefits paid in 2015 are now available online. Apply for Unemployment Now Employee 1099 Employee Employer. In order to assist us in processing your documents, . The following forms were revised: JFS 01208 "Weekly Attendance for Child Care" JFS 01218 "Basic Infant Information for Child Care" JFS 01222 "Criminal Records Check Procedures for Child Care Centers" JFS 01225 "Routine Trip Permission for Child Care". Yesterday, the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) issued additional guidance on Can't print the child check-in forms. Save or instantly send your ready documents. USDA by: defined by the ODJFS. Send immediately towards the recipient. This form can be used for new employment, for clarification or if you are returning from a leave of absence. Ohio Unemployment Benefits Help. ODJFS TANF non-assistance Eligibility Form for TANF Funded Services. Taxes Benefits false Coronavirus and Unemployment Insurance Benefits: Employer Resource Hub If you are an Ohio employer who has completed or is planning a mass layoff or shutdown due to COVID-19, please review our key resource links and frequently asked questions to find out more about what. Ohio Department of Job and Family Services PERMISSION TO PARTICIPATE IN SWIMMING ACTIVITIES FOR CHILD CARE JFS 01227 (Rev. Many forms require signature(s) and any required signatures will need to be obtained after printing out the completed form. Forms (Defined Benefit Plan). 4 - RP_861; Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Tuesday March 29 02:57:30 EDT 2022. Application for Child Care Benefits (JFS-01138) Application for Child Care Benefits, Spanish (JFS-01138) Application for Child Support (JFS-07076) Application for Food Stamps Medicaid and Cash Assistance (JFS-07200. JFS-20132 (Waiver Request): Used by employers to request a waiver of penalty and interest assessments resulting from filing a late quarterly tax return. Chapter 5101:2-12 Child Care Centers Chapter 5101:2-13 Child Care Type A Homes Chapter 5101:2-14 Child Care Type B Home. The Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) oversees Ohio’s foster care and adoption providers and agencies. See View or print a form, notice, or letter or View or print a standard report. ” - Sarah Levels, Bridges/ODJFS. If you have not been provided with a copy of forms JFS 07236 " Your Rights and Responsibilities as a Consumer of Medicaid Health Coverage" or JFS 07400 "Ohio Medicaid Estate Recovery," please ask for these informational forms from your local CDJFS or from the Consumer Hotline at 1-800-324-8680 or TDD 1-800-. It is our mission to maximize available community resources to support, encourage, and assist families and individuals in achieving their goals for self. us/forms/num/JFS07200 or by visiting your county agency. You can apply online at Benefits. Family Information Form, Sample Form JFS 01511. Project KARE · Children's Network · ODJFS PASSS · Adoption Network . Once you receive the e-mail, use the temporary password to login and establish a permanent password. • Credit amount will be made through advance. Loan Application · Loan Application for all Loans and Credit Cards · Online Banking Enrollment Instructions · Member Information Update Form · Direct Deposit Form. Hamilton County JFS Child Care Services Employment Verification Form Dear Consumer: If you have been employed for more than one month, please provide one month of current pay stubs as verification of your employment. If you are a furloughed federal employee, please note that there are two ways to file for unemployment compensation: (1) from this web page, by clicking on "File/Appeal Benefits," from the green, Unemployed Workers menu above, or (2) by calling toll-free 1-877-644-6562 or TTY 1-888-642-8203, (excluding holidays) between 8 a. You can find the address and phone number of your county agency at jfs. gov/County or by looking in the county government section of your phone book. Take advantage of the quick search and innovative cloud editor to produce an accurate Odjfs Employment Verification Form Cuyahoga County. Odjfs Employment Verification Form Cuyahoga County - … Posted: (9 days ago) Download the record or print your PDF version. JFS 01298 "Annual Fire Inspection Notice for Child Care Centers and Type A Homes" JFS 01308 "Child Observation Form" JFS 01309 "Type A Home Compliance Report" JFS 01335 "Type A Home Plan of Operation" JFS 01335-I "Instructions for Completing the Plan of Operation for a Type A Home" JFS 01337 "Type A Home Parent and Employee Information". To avoid identity theft, always use caution when providing personal or financial information. Federal law requires you to furnish your social security account number on the claim application (s) in order for your application to be processed. The Ohio Department of Job and Family Services offers the following resources to help both individuals and employers who have been affected. It is completely free and available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, granting you immediate access and information to state hearings. OHIO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CHART. For non-unemployment questions and concerns, please email amy. Whoever knowingly, or intentionally accesses a computer or a computer system without authorization or exceeds the access to which that person is authorized, and by means of such access, obtains, alters, damages, destroys, or discloses information, or prevents authorized use of the information operated by the State of Ohio, shall be subject to such penalties allowed by law. PDF Ohio Department of Job and Family Services REQUEST FOR. Easily fill out PDF blank, edit, and sign them. Login to your ODJFS - OCALM Customer Account. PDF County Agency: Hamilton County Job & Family Services. This Application is to be completed by the applicant/participant who is a parent of a . family information for step up to quality programs (sutq). Unauthorized access, use, misuse, or modification of this computer system or of the data contained herein or in transit to/from this system constitutes a violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 1030, and may subject the individual to Criminal and Civil penalties pursuant to. Unemployment Program Inquiry Form · Claimant Email: · Claimant ID: · Program Type: · Category: · Please provide details regarding the inquiry: . Developmental and Educational Goals Form, Sample Form JFS 01514. To be completed by providers who . active adventurous affectionate anxious bossy bright busy calm cautious cheerful content creative curious easily-angered emotional energetic excitable friendly gives-in-easily. (ORDER FORM) Long-Term Services and Supports Questionnaire (LTSSQ) - Email Request. By providing complete information about your child, you will be assisting staff in creating a positive experience for him/her while in. HOUSING Find safe, stable and healthy housing Housing. FORMS ; Child Care Benefits Application(s), Visit the ODJFS Website (search for form number 01138), Not Available ; MCDJFS Employment Verification, PDF, Not . ODJFS eManuals > Family Assistance. Please access the JFS 07501 on the Internet at: English: http. Public Assistance forms that can be printed and submitted: Self Serve Application. get notified of updates to eManuals. Submit your completed form or letter to. PDF Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. By accessing the ODJFS Unemployment Compensation System I understand that the system is intended for the explicit use of employers and their representatives for the purpose of conducting unemployment compensation business. PDF Please access the JFS 07501 on the Internet at: English. You can view and print your 1099-G from your correspondence inbox. This form shall be completed and submitted to [email protected] A child observation form will vary on the topics to be included on the document. COLUMBUS, OHIO – Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Director Matt Damschroder today announced that individuals who contacted the . Create, verify, and track a odjfs employment verification form 2007 online using a ready-made template. 10/2006) SIGNATURES: I received a copy of and I have read all my rights and responsibilities or they have been read to me, and I understand them. Sponsors and donors for JFS LiVE! provide JFS Houston with the unrestricted funding that we need to do the work we do with the community. AUD 7202 Auditor of State - Welfare Audits and Investigation AUD 8123 Affidavit AUD 8123-I Instructions for Completion of Affidavit AUD 8183 Application for Replacement Warrant AUD 8184 Application for Replacement. HOW TO OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT CORRESPONDENCE FROM ODJFS 2021. ODJFS never requests credit card information from unemployment applicants. Multistate Reporting Form (PDF). Fill out an application http://www. Completed forms may be mailed to the following address: US Postal Service Mailing Address:. In order to assist us in processing your documents, please put your name and social security or case number on all documents you submit in person, via fax or through the mail. A current address will ensure that you receive important mailings pertaining to your business account (s). The Ohio Department of Job and Family . Thank you for visiting the Butler County Family and Children Services portal page. Ohio unemployment fraud victims: Here's what to do. Teacher Observation Summary, Sample Form JFS 01522. ODJFS needs your help to prevent unemployment fraud and improper payments. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. The undersigned parent/customer hereby acknowledges that a Child Care Center Change Request form must be signed in order to initiate services, to add children, and/or to change a schedule, and that the failure to sign may delay or prevent the processing of the change. Date of Release: December 2021; Version 6. COLUMBUS -The Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) will be issuing 1. The Franklin County Department of Job and Family Services provides workforce development and family support programs that improve the quality of life for Franklin County residents. Form for Statement Requesting Replacement Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Benefits. The following forms will be available or removed from ODJFS Forms Central on 10/29/2021. Formerly JFS 06723 (9/2009) Ohio Department of Medicaid DESIGNATION OF AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE First Name of Applicant/Recipient MI Last Name Medicaid billing # or SSN Street Address, including Apt. If you have an existing PUA account, you still can access it by entering your Social Security number and password below. Please do not share this form publicly. # City Zip County I hereby authorize the following person or company to act as my representative: First Name MI Last Name Home Phone Title Company. Teacher Observation Form, Sample Form JFS 01521. There will be a number of Ohioans who receive a 1099-G tax form in the mail stating that they received unemployment benefits in. 1/2007) Page 2 of 2 Turn off the faucet with the paper towel, instead of bare hands. Effective December 5, Internet Explorer 6 or older, Opera 4 or older and. JFS 1122: Publicly Funded Child Care Supplemental Application (With Voter Registration) JFS 01228: Infant Daily Report: JFS 01250: Plan of Operation for Child Care: JFS 01276: Health Training Documentation: JFS 1280: Medical Statement for Type B Home and In-Home Aide Child Care Providers: JFS 01299. ODJFS Form 01242 (Medical, Dental and General Emergency Plan for Child Care) Rev: 12/2016 Start ODJFS Form 01299 (Incident/Injury Report for Child Care) Rev: 12/2016. Ohio Legal Forms - Ohio Legal Forms. Emergency Assistance (PRC). Appendix A to Rule 5101:2-12-13 Schedule for Cleaning and Sanitizing Items To clean: Wash the surface or item with a detergent solution or other appropriate commercial product used for cleaning purposes. You can fill out a "Request for Cash, Food and Medical Assistance" (JFS 7200) form and submit it to your county agency. Effective the first quarter of 2020, Ohio employers will pay state unemployment taxes on the first $9,000 in actual (not prorated) wages paid to each of their covered employees. Perry County Job and Family Services. Ohio's CareLine is available 24/7 and is staffed with licensed behavioral health professionals. Request a hearing if you disagree with a decision made about your public benefits. 308-1225 Franklin County Department of Job and Family Services www. Family & Community Partnerships. ODJFS TANF non-assistance Eligibility Form for TANF Funded Services This application is to be completed by the applicant/participant who is an expectant parent or the parent of a minor child age 18 or younger. The mission of Perry County Job and Family services is to build a stronger community by providing an effective support system that empowers children, . Search ODJFS | Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. Damschroder noted that due to the. I further certify that I am requesting this search of the Putative Father Registry to determine. Get and Sign Franklin County Odjfs Form 2007-2022. Job & Family Services County Agency: Hamilton County Job & Family Services Address: 222 E. gov This information will be used for: Employer Name: OWF (ADC) Medicaid Disability Assistance. For questions about child care licensing rules, contact your local child care licensing region by calling the ODJFS Help Desk at 866-886-3537 followed by Option 4. ODJFS eManuals > Families and Children > Family, Children and. ODJFS will use your social security number (1) to report your unemployment compensation to the Internal Revenue Service as potentially taxable income; (2) as a record index for processing your claim; (3) for statistical purposes; (4) to verify your eligibility for unemployment compensation and other public assistance benefits; and (5) as. 12/2016) Page 1 of 2 This form is valid for no longer than twelve months and must be kept on file at the center or home for at least one year following the last administration of the medication or product. Child Care Rules and Forms | Early Learning and Development jfs. We support former foster youth as they build a bridge toward a brighter future. Ohio Attorney General Dave Yost informed ODJFS about the fake site, unemployment-ohio-gov. Questions about products must be directed to the manufacturer. us/forms/num/JFS%2007200/ and return through: · 356 W. Children should wash their hands: -Upon arrival at the child care setting -Immediately before eating. You can get the form at http://www. DO NOT HAND OUT WITHOUT COMPLETING THIS BOX Ohio Department of Job and Family Services PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT DOCUMENTATION FOR CHILD CARE Date(s) of Training Hours of Training Title of Training Session. true Coronavirus and Unemployment Insurance Benefits Resource Hubs Please review our employee and employer resource hubs for more information on unemployment benefits related to COVID-19. By signing this form, I certify that the information contained herein is true. Since 1999, US Legal Forms has offered the largest and most compliant selection of Ohio legal forms available online. Your account will be locked after 3 unsuccessful attempts. Information requested on the following pages is required pursuant to the Ohio Revised Code, section 4141. Job and Family Services (ODJFS) consent to . Get and Sign Franklin County Odjfs Form 2007-2022 Create, verify, and track a odjfs employment verification form 2007 online using a ready-made template. PRC Emergency Rental Assistance can also combine with Franklin County's PRC and PRC Plus programs to help cover cost of up three additional. JFS-7222 - Statement Requesting Replacement SNAP Benefits form. Complete each section below to update your business tax location and/or mailing address. If you are an existing employer accessing The SOURCE for the first time, you will need to authenticate your account. Click a link above or below to visit their individual website. If you're an employer, provide accurate and timely responses to requests for information. Many Ohioans have become victims, and their identities used to file fraudulent unemployment claims in both the traditional unemployment and Pandemic Unemployment Assistance programs. Welcome to the Ohio Unemployment SOURCE application. get notified of updates to this manual. YOU HAVE A RIGHT TO A STATE HEARING. Lorain County Department of Job and Family Services is committed to promoting the dignity and self worth of those in need. You can complete a form requesting an overpayment waiver online by . To find it, go to the AppStore and type signNow in the search field. Public Assistance Forms and Links. 85, 6011 (a), 6050B, and 6109 (a)]. ODJFS: New email scam targets Pandemic Unemployment recipients. Unemployment Insurance Operations. ODJFS - OCALM Customer Secure Login Page. Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. Business Address Update Form. Revised and Obsoleted Forms: JFS 01162 "Data Manager Request for the Early Learning Assessment Ready for Kindergarten Online System" is a sample form that was made obsolete and removed from Forms Central. This form shall be completed prior to the child's first day of attendance and updated annually and as needed. Complete Odjfs Employment Verification Form Cuyahoga County online with US Legal Forms. Rules The emanuals websitecontains all rules, forms, procedure and manual letters. us/forms/num/JFS07501/pdf/ Arabic: http://www. If you do not receive an email with your login information within 24 hours, please contact [email protected] 12/2016) Written parental permission is required for the water activities your child will be engaging in (check all that apply for. Please enter all possible details related to Child's Birthplace. (ORDER FORM) Healthchek & Pregnancy Related Services Information Sheet. stm The most recent version of all ODJFS Forms referenced in Chapters 12 through 18, can be accessed through Forms Central. By signing the form, parents are establishing paternity for their child - meaning legally recognized fatherhood. signNow has paid close attention to iOS users and developed an application just for them. To give a corporate gift, please visit our sponsorship page. Odjfs Login Unemployment Benefits. 2011-2013 Strategic Plan · Public Records Request form · Public Records Policy · Finance Forms. Please Select Mother's Estimated Due Date. 12/2016) Name of Person Being Trained TRAINERS FILL IN TRAINEES NAME. The easiest and most efficient way to submit document is by visiting your local library. Forms The following is a list of forms used by the Butler County Department of Job and Family Services. If you are a third-party taxpayer representative, a completed TBOR-1 must be on file or your request will not be processed. Government information, which is restricted to authorized users ONLY. The JFS 01710 "Certificate of In-Service Training " form must be used to document that child care providers have completed the 45 hours of in-service training required by Ohio Administrative Code rules 5101: 2-12-28 or 5101:2-13-28. TO BE TIMELY, YOUR APPEAL MUST BE SUBMITTED NO LATER THAN 21 CALENDAR DAYS AFTER THE DATE ISSUED. We are no longer accepting PUA claims online. Program Standards, Rules and Forms. To request a waiver online, please visit https://thesource. If the 21st day falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or Legal Holiday, your deadline is extended to the next scheduled work day. I certify that the information provided in this Search Request Form is true and correct to the best of my knowledge. despite not being employers at all, forcing the individuals to return forms to ODJFS to correct the attempted fraudulent claims. CHILD ENROLLMENT AND HEALTH INFORMATION. As an alternative, you may call the following numbers to reach a customer service representative: Unemployment Benefits: 1-877-644-6562. You can view or print the JFS forms listed below from Ohio SACIWS. ODJFS Explanation of State Hearing Procedures · Online Benefit Application Fact Sheet · Guernsey County . Applicant Date Authorized Representative or Person Helped Complete the Form Date If an “X” is used, Signature of One Witness is Needed Date. In order to best protect confidential and other important data, the ODJFS website will no longer support several outdated web browsers. Putative Father Registry Search Form. One form must be used for each medication. Ohio Department of Job and Family Services PERMISSION TO. ODJFS Creates New Hotline and Online Portal for Victims of Unemployment Last month, ODJFS issued 1. Central Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45202 Phone: (513) 946-1000 Fax: (513) 946-1076. Pandemic Unemployment Assistance: 1-833-604-0774. The following is a list of forms used by the Butler County Department of Job and Family Services. This form is designed to help streamline information so we can better serve both you and your constituents. We would like to show you a description here but the site won't allow us. ODE licensed programs that receive Publicly Funded Child Care (PFCC) funds from the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services (ODJFS) will be required to participate in. PDF APPLICATION FOR CHILD SUPPORT SERVICES NON. Employers with questions can call (614) 466-2319. 9 trillion COVID-19 Relief Plan boosted the Child Tax Credit program for the 2021 tax year. 4 - RP_861; Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Wednesday March 30 15:43:34 EDT 2022. Component { static propTypes = { form: formShape. (ORDER FORM) Application for Health Coverage & Help Paying Costs. In order to assist us in processing your documents, please put your name and social security or case number on all documents you submit. 7 million 1099-G tax forms throughout the month of January pursuant to federal law that requires reporting of unemployment benefits. • Credit amount increased - from $2,000 to $3,600 for children under age 6, and $3,000 for children 6-17 years old (previously credit was only given up to age 16). To search for a state form, use the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Forms Central. 12/2001) Page 1 of 4 CSEA APPLICATION FOR CHILD SUPPORT SERVICES NON-PUBLIC ASSISTANCE APPLICANT/RECIPIENT IMPORTANT: If you are receiving ADC or Medicaid, do not complete this application because you became eligible for child support services when you signed the ADC/Medicaid application. Odjfs Employment Verification Form Cuyahoga County. Click on the chapter name to go directly to the following rules.