How Many Feeder Calves Per Acre

How Many Feeder Calves Per AcreHowever, that number supposes adequate rain, a good rotation system of fences to allow portions to rejuvenate while grazing other sections, and most of all—a year-round growing cycle. TDN dropped slightly as yield per acre increased. This means we need about 2,000 acres, either owned or rented. And parts in the Southeast corner where it is more like 100 acres per cow. If we put 300 head on 160 acres (a typical quarter section of land in Canada or the USA) using a paddock system of 0. MU Southwest Center Studies 'Double' Stocker Calf Operations on. Sell the cows and graze 35 stocker calves. We talk to grass farmer Nick Ball about how many acres you need for cattle. Question: How Many Acres For Cattle. With this rule of thumb, let’s see how it holds up. Horses should be fenced with either post and rail or a. One unit would be one adult cow/calf or bull. Stocking rates in the fall will range from 400 to 600 lb of animal weight per acre and will increase to 800–1200 lb/acre in the spring [4]. On the high end, you could keep as many as 100 feeders or ten sows per acre. On the high end of things, you may be able to get by with 100 feeders or ten sows per acre, but you will have to really manage the land properly to avoid problems. A good ball park figure to use is that there is 350 pounds of dry matter per acre inch of good healthy forage. you a look into the workings of ranching from raising cattle to raising and harvesting crops. How Many Pigs per Acre of Land Should You Raise? • New Life. 39 per pound in the spring (a price spread of $0. Hi all, My name is Andrew and im new to the site. One acre of land can usually produce enough forage to sustain two sheep year-round; however, you can keep up to 8-10 sheep on one acre if you regularly rotate your fields and provide extra roughage, like hay. How many acres do you need per cow? You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. There are parts of Oregon like the Willamette Valley that grow lots of grass and you could run a cow for every acre or two. Under the mixed farming systems practised today, the feeder cattle are . How many cows can you have on an acre of land? You should be able to keep between 0. According to this rule, it takes 1. Obviously bringing in outside feed (whether hay or grain) will reduce the acreage required. Guidelines: Cow-Calf Production Costs. How to Determine How Many Acres of Pasture are Required For. How many acres do you need for cattle? The pasture or range acreage needed for each cow is 10 to 12 acres per year. How Many Cows Can You Have on 1000 Acres? If the 1,000 acres are grazable, you can place 40 grass-fed cows in it. The year round also causes an issue. Also that yearling “feeders” can be produced at a cost of $7. In my area the acreage per cow is approximately 33. For alfalfa and alfalfa-grass mixtures, the average yield declined from 3. 5 acres per calf during the fall but can be stocked at 2 to . of forage DM per acre and it was estimated that a stocking rate of 181 head of 500-lb. 5 to 2 acres to feed a cow calf pair for 12 months. Step 1: How much pasture is available for cattle to graze? This involves estimating the 'grazing opportunity' in kilograms dry matter per hectare (kg/DM/ha) . As a general rule, moderate to light stocking rates for well-managed pastures in this area are: one animal unit (cow with calf) per 8 - 15 acres on native . How many acres do you need to raise cattle?. Bulls require even more feed than cows and are hard on facilities and fences. Calves need to be stocked at 1 to 1. The final step is to divide the amount of forage needed for the pair by the amount of forage that is consumed per acre. 5 to 2 acres to feed a cowcalf pair for 12 months. This is true especially in winter, during drought, or the heat of summer. 100 bales x 50 acres = 5000 bales of hay for 50 acres of land. Ultimately, the amount of pigs you can (and should) have per acre is highly variable. If you aren’t quite sure how many cattle you can raise on the property you already have available, the good news is that there are some cattle per acre calculators you can use to give you a rough estimate. " "At Joel's farm he puts the equivalent of 400 cows on 1 acre of grass. Acres of pasture need to support one AMU (1000lbs of cattle) is about like knowing how many hens it will take to lay two dozen eggs every week. The number of cows per 10 acres is of the essence to successful livestock production. if your going to hay an sup feed them as needed then you can carry 6 cows on that 5acs. That means we should be able to have . Simply add up the costs per acre and assign the value to the carrying . just until i can get another pasture fixed for them. Stocker cattle that are moved to fresh pasture every one or two days . 75 acres per cow per grazing season in western North Dakota, with a predicted calf weaning weight of 617 pounds. How Many Cows Per Acre In Tennessee? You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. Stocking density depends on the type of land and the number of animals. In general, rotational grazing may increase the cows-per-acre rate up to 30% compared to traditional grazing. The statewide carrying capacity for stocker cattle across all types . of grass per acre, but how much are the animals actually Cattle eat the most attractive grass and forage first. Doing these calculations does not take a lot of time, however, it may take some time. This equals 750,000 pounds of forage that is available per year on the operation. rate (amount of seed used per acre) and seeding depth are critical for successful . Some folks not far from me can run 2 cows. How many cows can one person manage? They list labor requirements at 8 hours per beef cow for. As a general rule, moderate to light stocking rates for well-managed pastures in this area are: one animal unit (cow with calf) per 8 - 15 acres on native grass; 3 - 6 acres on tame pastures (bermudagrass/bahia grass); 50 - 75 acres on wooded areas. The livestock specialist Andy McCorkill said that 2 cows are sufficient to graze on 5 acres. Do you have live water? The carry capacity at my mothers ranch in Grayson County in north central Texas, using native grasses, but with far more annual rain than in West Texas is m. Using an appropriate stocking rate . 8 acres (11,655 pounds of forage needed per pair ÷ by 4,200 pounds of forage consumed per acre = 2. The 100 acres used in the operation has an exterior fence with six interior paddocks. Land requirements for grass raised cattle #308501. How many cows can you have on 1 acre? You should be able to keep between 0. Horses: One to two acres per horse; Beef cattle: One to two acres per animal; Dairy cattle: One to two acres per cow; Goat: Half an acre per animal; Sheep: Half an acre per animal; Pigs: 12 to 14 sows per acre; Chickens: Minimal space; Each of these animals has different fencing needs. 4 AU x 6 months) / Stocking Rate of 2 = 4. After you have done this you should weigh it again. Up there with many of the grains! Comment by Anonymous — Tue Jan 19 16:44:16 2016. For growing cattle on a stocker operation, a stocking rate of 750 pounds per acre is typical. How many animals should How many acres of pasture be on your. Cows for beef or veal: could live their entire lives on pasture. If it was me, I'd start with 2 cow/calf pairs and see how it goes. In the West unirrigated, you would need about 5-20 acres per month for each cow or horse on your property. As a result, we will have enough cows to feed our cattle for about 10 to 13 days. In doing so, the space needed to raise the 82. You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. Contact your county Extension office for more information on pasture management. On the other hand, you can let 500 cattle occupy this size of land provided with a supply of hay and feed. Knowing how many cows you need per acre is a piece of the important information you should have because it has often been the stumbling block for a lot of aspiring farmers, including many of the experienced ones. How many cattle per acre can you put in a feedlot?. [/quote] Yeah, depends on the area. Pasture maintenance costs are assumed to be relatively low at $20 per acre, and would include only basic cash costs of pasture clipping (fuel, maintenance, repairs), and a limited amount of reseeding, fertilizer, and fencing repairs. So many things effect the amount of feed value from year to year, and season that it's always uncertain. In this example, the 1,200-pound cow and its calf would need 2. During a year, either a cow calf pair will be milked in five or two acres. How many cows can you put on 10 acres? You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. For calves 350 to 500 lbs, it's 130 to 175 ft2 per animal in a dry lot and 20 to. The rule-of-thumb says it takes between 1. If your pasture can produce 3 tons of forage/acre (6,000 lb/acre. Pasture costs will vary, depending on the location. We’ll need to sell at least 600 grass-fed cows per year in order to achieve a gross profit of $150,000. Decent acres of grassland in Kansas can run you $2,000+ per acre to buy or $20 per acre to lease. How to Determine How Many Acres of Pasture are Required. So unfortunately there's no really effective "rule of thumb" for stocking rates. If a typical stocking rate for native range is 25 acres per animal unit, then 100 acres might support only four animal units, assuming all 100 acres produce grass and are grazable. The pasture stocking rate is assumed to be 2 acres per cow-calf unit Breeding costs per cow may be much higher for many operations as . Keys to Success in Stocker Programs. Less than 30 miles from me it takes 5 acres per cow. But performance during the fall and winter of weaned calves grazing this forage can be around 1. How many acres does a cow need for grazing? You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. His beef farm uses rotational grazing to do more with less . Beefy Acres is a cow/calf operation located in the Southeast. DSE per hectare expresses the average amount of feed available within a paddock (or. To know the number of cattle allowed in a certain area is very important, so to prevent overgrazing through overstocking and/or under stocking. Based on my research, there are several things to keep in mind when choosing how many chickens you can keep on your land. 75 head per acre of 400- to 500-pound calves in the fall and winter, depending upon growth, stand, and soil fertility. Ultimately, when they reach a weight of about 1,200 to 1,400 pounds, feeder cattle are slaughtered to produce beef. 21 per hundred pounds live weight at 20 months of age which is $1. How Many Beef Cows Per Acre? You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. He told me this fall that they didn't make any money on those calves because they had to feed so much. 5 steers per acre, while the pasture is growing,” says Bailey. Figure about two-thirds of these numbers per acre of 600- to 700-weight cattle. So figure the number of calves and their average weight times 3% to figure the amount of dry matter per day. How Many Acres Per Cow Do You Need? Victor Shelton. There is also a mathematical calculation for determining the number of cows needed per acre. How Many Cows Can You Have Per Acre In Missouri? February 8, 2022. Backgrounding Calves Part 2: Herd Health and Feeding. Let's assume our forage species is a hybrid Bermudagrass that receives 30" of rainfall per year, fertilized twice a year, and yields 10,000lbs per acre annually. Most farmers use the rule of thumb which states that 1. The calves will eat about 3% of their body weight a day in dry matter. Where one person can run 1 cow per acre, others need many acres per cow. From clipping data, it was determined over the past 10 years the average peak forage standing crop was 6,360 lbs. If a typical stocking rate for native range is 25 acres per . Don't worry I show you how to estimate your property's production below. In my years of raising cattle there is no way to determine the number of acres it will take to raise a cow, and there is no way to avoid “overgraze” ing your pasture, while trying to maximize your profit. How Many Cows on 10 Acres?. How many acres do you need for 1000 cows? – SidmartinBio. ” “At Joel’s farm he puts the equivalent of 400 cows on 1 acre of grass. I have just bought a small property and am looking at options for livestock. Backgrounding calves, or taking weaned calves at about 450 pounds and feeding them up to 750 pounds or so, is becoming more popular among cattle producers. A week-old calf, combined with 55 calves, aren't going to be eating much in the way of grass, and will increase a little by the time you get them to 100 kg (or 220 lb). Based on the above grass production estimate of 750 pounds per acre, your pasture would support about 25 Animal Unit Days per acre (750 divided by 30). Can you raise a cow on 1 acre? It is surprising how quickly a cow or two can eat down a small pasture. stocker calves could be used for a typical 120-day growing season. 5 to 2 acres can be used to feed a pair of a cow and its calf for approximately 12 months. How many cows should I have on 20 acres? You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. I raise two calves a year and have 5-6 beef cattle/calves grazing at a time. thats going tobe carring 4 cows an 2 calves on it. How Much Money Can You Make Selling Cattle? – sonalsart. If you plan on keeping 10 sheep on one acre, you should be prepared to dedicate more finances to the care of your sheep. The low stocking rate was about 3,500 pounds per acre (four to five animals per acre); the medium 5,100 pounds (seven to eight animals per acre); and the high 6,500 pounds (nine to 10 animals per acre). You should be able to keep between 0. How many cows can I put on 2 acres? You may have heard a rule-of-thumb is that it takes 1. How Many Cows Per Acre Can You Keep In Your State. Use Of Stocker Calves In Small Acreage. How Many Cows Can You Have Per Acre In Missouri? – SLFP. And the average in their county is 80 cow days per acre, which means you can run one cow on one acre for 80 days, or you can run 80 cows on 1 acre for 1 day. Pastured poultry requires about 1 acre per 500 birds, although some sources recommend no more than 50 birds per acre. In the body of the table, stocking rates (acres per head) are specified for the different types of cattle on alternative forages. Next, use forage standing crop to calculate how many stocker cattle this 1,000 acres of rangeland can carry. What Rouquette found really exciting, he said, was that with the higher supplementation rate and the quality of this summer’s forages, he could have easily doubled the stocking rate and realized more than 2,000 pounds of gain per acre over the 110. Asked July 03, 2018, 10:04 PM EDT. It can be a profit maker for the producer who wants an alternative to the cow/calf business, wants to use excess forage or other roughages, has extra time during parts of the year, or wants to add flexibility to his current cattle operation. Approximately 1 acre of land per 100 head of cattle is required for pen space, alleys, and feed roads. However, you will need to purchase hay to feed them because one acre is not enough land to support anything bovine. At the higher supplementation rate, cattle gained an average of 2. In general, rotational grazing may . This is sort of an in between area. For every 1,000 pounds of calves on the ground you increase your herd size by 1. 1 cows per acre on average pasture. Do the math for proper pasture populations. To calculate forage mass you should take all the forage from a 1 foot by 1 foot square and then cutting it 4 to 6 inches above ground, weighing it as fed matter, then after that drying it out in a Vortex Dryer, or anything that can be used to evaporate moisture from the sward collected or feed. Not to be a smart ass, but you can raise more per acre than most of us can afford. 5 tons of hay per acre and a ton is 2,000 pounds you will be getting 5,000 pounds of hay per year per acre. Rotational grazing If you don’t have a large amount of land and you still want to raise a pretty large number of cattle, you should opt for rotational grazing. 5 to 2 acres to feed a cow-calf pair for 12 months. We do not figure the calf until it becomes 450 lb. Higher Feeder Cattle Prices a Possibility this Fall? Trending Now rates to about 40 pounds of actual nitrogen per acre on those fields. How many acres of pasture do your animals need? If you have a lot. weaned calf, with a gross margin of $944 per calf and a return per acre of $470. This budget shows profits ranging from $80 to $100 per head with a management charge of $18 per acre included. With the smaller calves it would seem they would be 1/4 of a unit. -Ten 5 acre paddocks will be much more expensive per. Divide the hay produced per acre by how much she eats per day and you’ll get how many cows you can feed on your land per acre per year. An example calculation follows: 1,000 lb cow weaning a 550 lb calf will need 13 AUM’s to sustain the grazing system 13 AUM time 780 lb/AUM equals 10,140 lb of forage, let’s estimate 35% harvest efficiency of the forage so the cow will need 10,140 /. Many operations do not have enough cows to graze all of the flush of spring fescue. Rainfall has been abundant in many locations in Michigan this summer and pasture Feeder calves this fall That is $1,440 per calf!. When I asked farmers about an estimate as to how many acres of pasture one cow needs, although their answers. For yearling finishing cattle, it's 125-200 ft2 per animal in a dry lot and 30 to 50 ft2 per animal in a paved lot. Baker County, Oregon Mar 10, 2009 #3 That is a tough one. Contact your local extension office, they can tell you the acreage needed for your area. If a person is grazing stocker cattle, a good pasture might support one steer per acre. 5 pounds of grain per 100 pounds of body weight per head daily in the ration for grass-legume silage or haylage to give similar rates of gain to a full feed of corn silage. (Stock) of one animal unit per acre increased hay feeding during the . No hay, no problem for Pennsylvania farmer. Stocking rates can be thought of in terms of animals per acre or pounds of animal body weight per acre. In pasture allocation–acres per head, the total of all rented and owned land by pasture type is shown at the left side of the table. When you say scrub, what exactly do you mean? I assume you are using native forage. Manitoba Agriculture and Resource Development. 22 days of feeding your cow on each acre. 5 acres (320 paddocks) then the calculated stocking rate is ( (300*750)/0. Backgrounding Calves on Pasture. How many tons of hay does an acre produce? The average U. Not knowing how many regular cow/calf pairs per acre you can raise (or is it acres per cow) you can usually raise twice as many as full sized animals. I was hoping to have two, with a view to turning over one a year. It is not economically feasible to own a bull for fewer than 10 to 15 cows. dry hay yield (all types) dropped from 2. Maximizing Number of Cows per Acre: The best way to maximize the number of cattle a farmer can raise per acre is to have some irrigation system on their land. Is raising cattle a good investment?. Jogeephus Well-known member Joined Jul 17, 2006 Messages 24,228 Reaction score 6 Location South Georgia May 31, 2007 #4. From google: "a three-year rotation of peanuts with two years of corn produced 4,268 pounds per acre", and at 2,572 calories per pound, that yields 10. 4 tons dry matter, dm) per acre, which exceeds the stockers' needs. ' And the average in their county is 80 cow days per acre, which means you can run one cow on one acre for 80 days, or you can run 80 cows on 1 acre for 1 day. Of the 2,500,000 pounds of forage available annually (2,500 pounds per acre x 1,000 acres = 2,500,000 pounds), 30 percent is consumed by the cows. Normally we can run one unit per acre on good grass. Based on these assumptions and adjusted for the weaning rate, average calf revenue is $608 per cow. A typical application is about 2 tons of lime per acre and 50 to 75 He says research shows with stocker cattle grazing wheat pasture, . Number of cows supported by 50 acres of corn silage (cows are fed 55 lbs/cow daily throughout the year) 500 tons 45 cows. 254,000 lbs of dry matter/(300 head x 15 lbs/day)). STOCKER CATTLE GAIN 1,000 POUNDS PER ACRE IN 60 DAYS. 4 pounds per head per day for the operation to reach the break-even point. 8ha (7 acres) of good Waikato grass can carry seven cattle of various ages. An 1100-pound cow will consume 22 to 33 pounds of forage or 1/2 a square bale of grass hay each day. At this point, cattle producers feed them a diet of high-energy feed to promote weight gain. ~1000 pound mature, moderate frame, moderate milk production cow) requires approximately 3% of her body weight per day which would be 30 pounds per day for an AU. To answer this question, first you must determine how much carrying Using simple math, you can run one cow per 6. 5 to 2 times greater than for fall (0. If you are just keeping a few pigs, plan on 450 to 875 square feet per feeder or 8,500 to 17,000 square feet for sows on pasture. 5 head per acre in the spring if the wheat is grazed out. 4 lbs per day when stocked at 1 calf per acre (Table 91). Gain per acre was found to range from 400 to 900 pounds and profits averaged $88/acre. How Many Cows Per Acre When starting out in livestock farming there is a lot that a beginner farmer may want know of such as the number of cattle suitable for a certain area. I was looking at maybe a couple of cattle for meat. per acre from the monitoring program (Fig. I can run a cow and a calf per acre. 3-cow average size herd also facilitate off-farm employment. Feeder cattle are weaned calves that reach a weight of between 600 to 800 pounds. How many acres are needed for 100 head of cattle?. How much do farmers make per cow?. 8 cows per acre, based on this count, about 8–10 cows could be raised on five acres. minimum of 3 gallons per acre by air and 10 gallons per acre by ground. 13 How many acres do you need to sustain 2 people? 14 How many acres do you need for a small farm? 15 How much land is considered a farm? 16 How many acres is a house? 17 How can I make money with 5 acres of land? 18 How many football fields is 5 acres? 19 What is the most profitable crop per acre? 20 How many acres is a hobby farm?. In Kansas, a feeder calf will need about 3. Early marketing of slaughter cattle and early transfer of feeder cattle to the feedlot . If we assume dry matter intakes near 2. positive $2520, or $126 per cow. How many cows can I keep per acre? Every 40 cows need one acre (0. So, a one-acre land would not be enough to raise a cow-calf pair, but an acre may be able to support a single cow for some months, depending on the area. There is a rule-of-thumb that says one must take one turn. Provide winter grazing or corn silage free-choice. A good pasture might support one steer per acre, Bailey says. Stocker cattle convert pasture to profits (Research Brief. The primary limitation on stock rates is excess manure becoming toxic to the soil. Averages range from 25 to 35 cows per acre, but this is just a general guideline and will vary according to region, government regulations, cow health, etc. That means we should be able to have 10 to 13 cows. Is raising cattle a good investment? Cattle are becoming a limited supply investment, which makes it a great opportunity for you. Half the cattle in each stocking rate received a daily supplement of 1 percent of their body weight. If you have the ability to have at least 1,500 to 2,000 lb of forage per acre, then you may be able to raise 100 calves. Let’s see how this rule-of-thumb holds up. This time of year, especially after you have shifted from grazing to fed feed such as hay or baleage, you might start wondering why you have the number of livestock you have. If you are only keeping them a short time (90 days, instead of the standard 150-180 days), it might support 1. Also, you can try the general rule-of-thumb which says that it takes 1. “Up at Joel’s farm in his county they measure the grass in what’s called 'the average cow days per-acre. Whereas the USDA and Texas State Government disagree with the number and present a slightly different figure, 3-6 acres per cow. Animal Health · Feed · Beef · Beef Quality · Cow-calf Cow-calf with up to 8,000 pounds of dry matter per acre, he said. 201 million acres Based on feed conversion ratios (FCR’s) and average amount of hay and grains produced per acre, we can estimate the amount of acres needed to feed them. More beef produced per acre due to efficient machine harvest vs. pound calves per acre and have them gain two pounds per head per day. When making initial land surveys, an area with 2% to 5% land slope is. However, during the month of August you may only be able to graze three, 500 pound calves per acre and have them gain one pound per head per day. If that’s not your block, ask a neighbour what their stocking rate is to see what your land could possibly feed through a dry summer and a cold winter. But they key is to move them every day. Go to a cattle auction to learn about breeds for your part of the country. An acre that has soil that’s rich in nutrients will provide more vegetation allowing the farmer to raise more sheep on it. "A couple of beef and some goats" will require supplemental feed in East Texas on 3 acres. A second application of N per acre should be applied in mid-January The perception among many of the cattle buyers is that calves that . Spring stocking rates usually are 1. The surplus forage is custom round baled, with the beef stocker providing less hay than the Holstein operation. Tennessee's average farm size, 144 acres and the 29. The number of cows required per acre is widely given by the ‘rule-of-thumb’. This encourages invasive and non-native plants and grasses to take over, leaving you with lower-quality forage. 3 acres of grass in a normal year. Stocker grazing is becoming an increasingly popular alternative to traditional cow-calf production in many areas. 8 cows per acre, based on this count, about 8-10 cows could be raised on five acres. 4 tons dry matter, dm) per acre, need to know how much they can pay for calves in the spring and still make . How many bales do you get per acre?. 08 acres per pair, with a range of 1. Now here is another rule of thumb for you. Results of an Investigation on Raising Beef Cattle. Let's see how this rule-of-thumb holds up. However, that number supposes adequate rain, . Protein will be adequate if the legume silage furnishes 40 percent of the ration dry matter. However, if the soil grows limited vegetation, it won’t feed as many sheep and as a result, you’ll need more acres to raise those sheep on. 4ha) of land for every 24 hours, so the herd will need five acres (2ha) in 24 hours (200 cows divided by 40 equals five acres). At the moment I will have a one acre paddock to use. Tennessee’s average farm size, 144 acres and the 29. So, using this example, you would calculate that: (1. For the example, we can say you have a stocking rate of 2. How Many Cows To An Acre?. How much land does a cow need? A typical 1000 lb cow with a calf (1 Animal Unit) needs . Raising cattle for meat, how many per acre. Then how many inches of useable forage there is per acre. “The productivity of our land is a plus. On the low end, that works out to 50 feeder pigs or just five grown sows per acre. This means that I would need 4. To pasture raise your steers you will need one acre of pasture only (no other buildings) to feed up to five steers. 3 acres per stocker, depending on weight), although rates as . It looks like our rule-of-thumb held up pretty good, 11 cows on 20 acres, is 1. Now, instead of one cow-calf pair per 10 acres, the 500-pound stocker animal would require less than half as much acreage, or. because many folks said stocker cattle in Missouri without supplement will . Deciding How Many Cows to Raise: Tips to Consider 1. 5 acres per calf during the fall, but can be stocked at 2 to 3 calves per acre during the spring. The plan for Christy over the course of the Teagasc Green Acres programme is to increase output on the farm and sell more kilos of beef per . Rotational grazing If you don't have a large amount of land and you still want to raise a pretty large number of cattle, you should opt for rotational grazing. paddock For example if we had 300 head of stocker cattle that we wanted to feed 15 lb of dry matter per head per day, the same 100-acre paddock would give us about 56 days of grazing (i. More lbs of meat grown with much less lbs of feed But wait, on a per acre stocking rate basis,. Stocking rate should be between one to two heifers per acre depending on forage availability. The low stocking rate was about 3,500 pounds per acre (four to five animals per acre); the medium 5,100 pounds (seven to eight animals per acre); .